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South Sudan Hope

Website for African Onesimus Mission

History of South Sudan

History of South Sudan

SS6FlagOn July 9 2011, South Sudan became the world’s 93rd and Africa’s 54th country. The Republic of South Sudan used to be part of the Republic of Sudan. In 1953, British colonial masters and North Sudanese elites with the tacit support of the Egyptian government successfully reached an agreement, which granted self-determination to the Sudan without the participation of South Sudanese. The people of South Sudan were deliberately excluded on the pretext that they had no political parties or organizations. However, when Sudan gained her independence in 1954 from the British rule, the North Sudanese elites failed to evolve policies that would have consolidated national unity and stability. As a result, the Sudan has been plunged into continuous state of political, constitutional, economic and military crisis with South Sudan. Various governments and regimes in Khartoum waged war and denied the South Sudanese equality, social justice, freedom and effective participation in the running of the Sudan.

South Sudan had gone through difficult time during the various successive Khartoum based government policies. During these times, South Sudanese have been persecuted for being Christians and many were forced to convert their faith to Islam because of the government policy that favoured Islam over Christianity.  Accordingly, evangelistic mission could not be carried out in the various villages in South Sudan due to the policy that restricted the practice of other religions, with the exception of Islam, in the country.

As mentioned earlier, through God’s love to the people of South Sudan, the region gained independence on July 9th 2011. However, this day did not come cheaply. It cost the lives of over 2.5 million South Sudanese. During the struggle, families were scattered and separated from their love ones; over 3 million children were left orphans and over 1.5 women became widows. In fact, South Sudan has the largest number of orphans and widows in the world today. According to the 2009 census, South Sudan has a population of about 8.5 million people, 10 states, 86 counties, more than 65 tribes and dialects.

Map 1: Map of the Republic of South Sudan and its states


Due to the atrocities committed toward the people of South Sudan by the Khartoum based governments during the civil war, South Sudan needs support. There is great need to help South Sudan grow spiritually, socially and economically. South Sudan needs evangelistic revival; South Sudan needs support for her widows and orphans; South Sudan needs support for the local church leaders in the many villages.



African Onesimus Mission moves forward only with your support as we minister across South Sudan.




For More Information

The following websites provide more information about the history of South Sudan.

Video about the day of Independence provided by theTrinity Broadcasting Network

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